Beyond Convergence

Beyond Convergence

World Without Order

Paperback - 2016
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This publication describes the disturbing, yet highly important, new trend of transnational criminal organizations (TCOs) joining forces with terrorist groups and insurgents in order to create an adaptive, destructive, alternate ecosystem, in which extreme violence and criminal commerce rule. This trend is harmful to both the public interest and public good, as well as to the sovereignty of independent world powers. As this trend increases, the United Nations has issued a "high warning" (or worse) rating to at least one-third of U.N. state members. Criminal organizations and terrorist groups have access to quick communication, easy travel, military-grade protection and weapons, legal counsel, and other services that make them forces which can destabilize entire nations. Information about the convergence of TCOs and terrorists and insurgents is very limited due to their ability to remain off the radar of United States defense agencies. It is likely that illicit products used to fund these criminal and terrorist groups comprise two to five percent of global product. These criminal/terrorist networks divert global economic resources, as well as being able to use their power to diminish a state's ability to govern and protect itself. The worldwide nature of this epidemic, how it affects the United States and other world actors, and possible futures are explored in this publication.

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Publisher: Washington, D.C. : Center for Complex Operations, Institute for National Strategic Studies, National Defense University, 2016.
ISBN: 9780160936135
Branch Call Number: HV6252 .B59 2016
Characteristics: xviii, 397 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 23 cm

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